What happens when strong stocks gap down at the open? A well-known trading strategy is to buy the gap, expecting mean reversion.
Buy the gap?
Buying stocks that gap down is a common trading strategy. The reasoning behind the strategy is that bad news causes traders to enter sell orders overnight which execute in tandem at the open, causing a temporary liquidity shock which drives down the opening price. The selling pressure immediately exhausts itself, however, leading the stock to recover through the remainder of the session. The strategy typically targets stocks in an uptrend, expecting that traders will buy the dip.
I use Zipline with QuantRocket’s 1-minute US stock data to backtest a buy-on-gap strategy. I first screen the daily universe of 8,000 listed stocks using the following criteria:
- common stocks only (no ETFs, ADRs, or preferred shares)
- liquid stocks only (top 10% by dollar volume)
- closed above their 20-day moving average
mavg = SimpleMovingAverage(
are_common_stocks = SecuritiesMaster.usstock_SecurityType2.latest.eq(
are_liquid = AverageDollarVolume(window_length=30).percentile_between(90, 100)
are_above_mavg = EquityPricing.close.latest > mavg
pipeline = Pipeline(
For the stocks that pass the screen, I use intraday data to identify which stocks gapped down at least 1 standard deviation below the prior day’s low:
today_opens = data.current(context.candidates.index, ‘open’)
prior_lows = context.candidates[“prior_low”]
stds = context.candidates[“std”]
# find stocks that opened sufficiently below the prior day’s low
gapped_down = today_opens < (prior_lows - stds)
assets_to_buy = context.candidates[gapped_down]
I buy the stocks 1 minute after the open and hold until the close, resulting in the following equity curve:
Visit QuantRocket LLC website to read the full article and download ready-to-use code: https://www.quantrocket.com/blog/buy-or-sell-down-gaps
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This material is from QuantRocket LLC and is being posted with permission from QuantRocket LLC. The views expressed in this material are solely those of the author and/or QuantRocket LLC and IBKR is not endorsing or recommending any investment or trading discussed in the material. This material is not and should not be construed as an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any security. To the extent that this material discusses general market activity, industry or sector trends or other broad based economic or political conditions, it should not be construed as research or investment advice. To the extent that it includes references to specific securities, commodities, currencies, or other instruments, those references do not constitute a recommendation to buy, sell or hold such security. This material does not and is not intended to take into account the particular financial conditions, investment objectives or requirements of individual customers. Before acting on this material, you should consider whether it is suitable for your particular circumstances and, as necessary, seek professional advice.