Theil Mixed Estimator

This post deals with the Theil mixed estimator which uses the prior information as well as the sample information.

Theil mixed estimator incorpoate stochastic non-sample information into a linear model. This estimator mixes sample and prior information in a generalized least squares sense. Information regarding GLS estimator can be found at the following previous post.

Linear model with sample information

Sample information is represented by the following linear model.

Linear model with sample and prior information

Prior information has the following form

where R is J × K and r is J × 1ν is a J × 1 normally distributed random error vector.

Incorporating the prior information into the sample information leads to the following model specification.

GLS estimator

The GLS estimator is as follows.

By using matrix multiplications, this result can be simplified to

where ϕ stands for the precision of the regression model : ϕ = 1/σ2.

By inverting and its variance can be obtained.

This is the Theil mixed estimator.

Theil mixed estimator

More generally, when is used instead of the Theil mixed estimator can also be represented

Concluding Remarks

This post derived the Theil mixed estimator which uses the prior information as well as the sample information. This formulation will be used when deriving the Black-Litterman model.

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